Buying crude oil
Read this article carefully before buying crude oil for export
What is Crude oil ?
Oil is a liquid that is mainly composed of two organic elements, hydrogen and carbon,
and has lower amounts of heavy elements such as nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur.
And it is found naturally underground and exceptionally on the ground as a spring
Petroleum is a thick, flammable liquid of burnt brown or dark green or black that is found
in the upper layers of parts of the Earth’s crust.
Origin of crude oil
Most scientists consider the origin of oil formation to be plants and organic organisms in the early oceans.
Due to the existence of a series of special properties to which only organic molecules are subject.
Remnants of animals and plants (including algae and corals) that lived in the sea (water) millions of years ago (before the dinosaurs formed.)
They have been buried for millions of years by flower cotyledons and sediments, and under high pressure and temperature, lack of oxygen and for a long time turned into oil and gas.
And in the presence of these conditions, along with the appropriate reservoir rock and rock cover, oil has migrated for a very long time
And accumulates in large quantities in the oil basin
Crude oil is oily and comes in solid (petroleum) and liquid forms.
It is sometimes referred to as all forms of hydrocarbon oil.
If oil accumulates in the sedimentary layer, it is called an “oil pool”
From a total of several oil fields, an “oil field” is obtained.
Oil-containing porous rock that is capable of producing oil is called “reservoir rock.”
Crude oil can not be used and must be separated at the refinery in the distillation tower (for oil) based on the density difference.
The value of crude oil
The value of crude oil is usually divided into two criteria:
- specific gravity
- sulfur content
Oils that have a lower specific gravity, viscosity and density are called light oils.
And oils that have a higher specific gravity, viscosity, anddensity are called heavy oils.
with less sulfur are also called sweet oil andoils with more sulfur are called sour oil.
Young field oils are usually heavier and have higher sulfur content due to their low maturity.
Extraction, handling, and refining of light and sweet oils are easier and less expensive, and
more products such as gasoline, naphtha, kerosene, and jet fuels derived from kerosene,
and high-quality diesel can be obtained from them.
For this reason, these types of oils are more popular with refineries and have a higher price.
The international oil price
The international oil price indexes of West Texas Intermediate and Brent are light and sweet.
But the amount of sour and heavy oils in the world’s oil reserves is much higher.
It is used in the preparation of important fuels such as diesel and
other products such as car tires, life jackets and even anesthetics.
Light oil, heavy oil and bitumen are among the main compounds obtained in the extraction of crude oil.
It should be noted that all products derived from crude oil need to be refined for use in industry.
Crude oil is also the raw material for many products in the chemical industry, such as
pharmaceuticals, solvents, chemical fertilizers, insecticides and plastics.
Buying crude oil for export
Petro Pars Arghavan Company supplies petrochemical and refinery products at competitive prices from Iran, Russia and the Persian Gulf countries at the best prices.
Petro Pars Arghavan Company consists of skilled specialists in the field of export, import, wholesale of petroleum products and chemicals.
To buy crude oil for export from Russia, Oman, etc., you can contact the experts of this company.